Margherita Maria Ferrari[b] and
Norma Zagaglia Salvi [c]
Combinatorial Interpretations and Enumeration of Particular Bijections
Received: 23 June 2015
Accepted in revised form: 19 July 2016
Mathematics Subject Classification (2010): 05A05, 05A15, 05A19.
Keywords: Permutation, derangement, species, linear species, permutation species, uniform species, derivative of a species, isomorphic species.
[a]: University of Lyon, LIRIS UMR5205 CNRS, Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France
[b], [c]: Politecnico di Milano, IDipartimento di Matematica, P.zza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milano, 20133, Italy
Abstract: Let \(n\) be a nonnegative integer. We call widened permutation a bijection between two \((n+1)\)-sets having \(n\) elements in common. A widened permutation is a widened permutation without fixed points. In this paper we determine combinatorial interpretations of these functions in the context of the theory of species of Joyal. In particular, we prove that the species of the widened permutations is isomorphic to the derivative of the species of permutations. Looking at the generating series we obtain enumerative results, which are also obtained in a direct way. Finally, we prove that the sequence of widened derangement numbers turns out to coincide with the integer sequence A000255 of the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences..
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