Riv. Mat. Univ. Parma, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2023
Johanna Schoenherr ^{[a]} and Stanislaw Schukajlow ^{[b]}
Does drawing help or hinder creativity when solving a modelling problem? Findings from an eyetracking study
Pages: 233248
Received: 19 April 2022
Accepted in revised form: 21 March 2023
Mathematics Subject Classification: 97C30, 97M99.
Keywords: Creativity, mathematical modelling, drawing, eye tracking.
Authors address:
[a],[b]: University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany
Full Text (PDF)
Abstract:
Solving a mathematical modelling problem is an activity that allows students to be creative.
In the current study, we recorded the eye movements of two students while they solved a geometry modelling
problem with instructions to make a drawing, and we conducted a stimulated recall interview (SRI). Using qualitative
content analysis, we coded the gazeoverlaid videos and SRI with respect to students' modelling processes and their
levels of usefulness, fluency, and originality. We found that the levels of originality and fluency varied during the
modelling process, indicating that modelling processes involve creativity and that the final solution might not fully
reflect students' creative processes as they work through a problem. In addition, we describe how constructing and
using a drawing helped or hindered students being creative. Findings are discussed regarding future studies on creativity
in mathematical modelling and implications for classroom practice.
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